The film was directed by Neapolitan Gustavo Serena. Another important park is the Parco Virgiliano, which looks towards the tiny volcanic islet of Nisida; beyond Nisida lie Procida and Ischia. 16. En deux mots, la ville et sa région peuvent se qualifier par « contrastes » et « diversité », comme par exemple les fascinantes églises de Naples au regard de l’anarchie de ses quartiers espagnols et de son aspect chaotique. I've had most of the dishes at one point or another, and all of them are good. [143] Neapolitan coffee is also widely acclaimed. Naples' restaurants have earned the most stars from the Michelin Guide of any Italian city. 10. Occupying a 19th-century palazzo renovated by the Portuguese architect Álvaro Siza, the Museo d'Arte Contemporanea Donnaregina (MADRE) features an enfilade procession of permanent installations by artists such as Francesco Clemente, Richard Serra, and Rebecca Horn. [24] However, Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire recaptured Naples in 536, after entering the city via an aqueduct. In the period of Belle Époque Naples rivalled with Paris for its Café-chantants, and many famous neapolitan songs were originally created to entertain the public in the cafès of Naples. Ponticelli. Although Naples' Greco-Roman culture endured, it eventually switched allegiance from Constantinople to Rome under Duke Stephen II, putting it under papal suzerainty by 763. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7.1 km, while 11% travel for over 12 km in a single direction.[132]. It was during this period that Christianity first arrived in Naples; the apostles Peter and Paul are said to have preached in the city. [86], 1. [119] In early 2002, there were over 249,590 enterprises operating in the province registered in the Chamber of Commerce Public Register. Naples thus joined the Kingdom of Sicily, with Palermo as the capital.[31]. Castel Nuovo has seen many notable historical events: for example, in 1294, Pope Celestine V resigned as pope in a hall of the castle, and following this Pope Boniface VIII was elected pope by the cardinal collegium, before moving to Rome. The Vinaccia family also developed the mandolin. Naples hosted the 6th World Urban Forum in September 2012[68] and the 63rd International Astronautical Congress in October 2012. Perhaps the most well known song is "Ninì Tirabusciò". Several chapters of the animated series Tom and Jerry also have references/influences from Naples. Its strategic position that overlook the entire city made it the aim of various invaders. Pendino Maritime features moderate the winters, but summers are quite similar to inland areas much further north in the country. [144][145] In 1194 Henry started his second campaign upon the death of Tancred, but this time Aligerno surrendered without resistance, and finally Henry conquered Sicily, putting it under the rule of Hohenstaufens. Serao was an acclaimed novelist and writer during her day. During the uprising of Masaniello in 1647, the Spanish took refuge in Sant'Elmo to escape the revolutionaries. [66][67][failed verification], Naples is a major national and international tourist destination, being one of Italy and Europe's top tourist cities. [119] The service sector employs the majority of Neapolitans, although more than half of these are small enterprises with fewer than 20 workers; 70 companies are said to be medium-sized with more than 200 workers; and 15 have more than 500 workers. A popular traditional dance in Southern Italy and Naples is the Tarantella, originated in the Apulia region and spread next to all part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. [127] The port serves over 6 million local passengers annually,[128] plus a further 1 million international cruise ship passengers. Its province-level municipality is the third-most populous metropolitan city in Italy with a population of 3,115,320 residents, and its metropolitan area (that stretches beyond the boundaries of the Metropolitan City of Naples) is the second-most populous metropolitan area in Italy and the 7th-most populous urban area in the European Union. [157] The Teatro di San Carlo, built in 1737, is the oldest working theatre in Europe, and remains the operatic centre of Naples. Naples also became a centre of the Renaissance, with artists such as Laurana, da Messina, Sannazzaro and Poliziano arriving in the city. He had the empress imprisoned at Castel dell'Ovo at Naples before her release on May 1192 under the pressure of Pope Celestine III. Suburban rail services are provided by Trenitalia, Circumvesuviana, Ferrovia Cumana and Metronapoli. The history of how this song was born was dramatised in the eponymous comedy movie "Ninì Tirabusciò: la donna che inventò la mossa" starring Monica Vitti. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 27 min, while 56.% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. However, the vast selection of gourmet entrées can be accredited to Antoinette’s dedication and tasteful input over the last three decades. Piscinola-Marianella [130], The Naples International Airport is located in the suburb of San Pietro a Patierno. [97] Naples has a higher percentage of females (52.5%) than males (47.5%). [61] Due to this event, environmental contamination and increased health risks are also prevalent. Serena also starred in the 1912 film, Romeo and Juliet. [20] In the sixth century BC the city was refounded as Neápolis (Νεάπολις), eventually becoming one of the foremost cities of Magna Graecia. [51], The Congress of Vienna in 1815 saw the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily combine to form the Two Sicilies,[51] with Naples as the capital city. Naples fut fondée par les grecs longtemps avant Rome. [11], Since the late 20th century, Naples has had significant economic growth, helped by the construction of the Centro Direzionale business district and an advanced transportation network, which includes the Alta Velocità high-speed rail link to Rome and Salerno and an expanded subway network. [100] In addition, Naples is Italy's most densely populated major city, with approximately 8,182 people per square kilometre;[4] however, it has seen a notable decline in population density since 2003, when the figure was over 9,000 people per square kilometre. [77], Naples is widely known for its wealth of historical museums. The Bosco di Capodimonte, the city's largest verdant space served as a royal hunting preserve, within the Park there are a further 16 historic buildings including residences, lodges, churches as well as fountains, statues, orchards and woods.[84]. In 2010, the restaurant underwent extensive renovations spearheaded by Gino Pizzi. Each of the 8,101 comune in Italy is today represented locally by a city council headed by an elected mayor, known as a sindaco and informally called the first citizen (primo cittadino). During the Benito Mussolini era, the first structures of the city's "service center" were built, all in a Rationalist-Functionalist style, including the Palazzo delle Poste and the Pretura buildings. If you're tired of the same old Olive Garden and looking for something local and fresh, this is a great option. Naples is also the home of the artistic tradition of Capodimonte porcelain. The Naples language, considered to be a distinct language and mainly spoken in the city, is also found in the region of Campania and has been diffused into other areas of Southern Italy by Neapolitan migrants, and in many different places in the world. [137], Naples is traditionally credited as the home of pizza. Sailors from the Greek island of Rhodes established a small commercial port called Parthenope (Παρθενόπη, meaning "Pure Eyes", a Siren in Greek mythology) on the island of Megaride in the ninth century BC. Of the various public parks in Naples, the most prominent are the Villa Comunale, which was built by the Bourbon king Ferdinand IV in the 1780s;[83] the park was originally a "Royal Garden", reserved for members of the royal family, but open to the public on special holidays. [113][114] Naples is a major cargo terminal, and the port of Naples is one of the Mediterranean's largest and busiest. Naples is Italy's fourth-largest economy after Milan, Rome and Turin, and is the world's 103rd-largest urban economy by purchasing power, with an estimated 2011 GDP of US$83.6 billion, equivalent to $28,749 per capita. To date, Napoli Villa Italian Restaurant is incorporating its third generation of operators through the involvement of the Pizzi children, Carmelina, Gino and Paolo, in various aspects of the business. [10] Due to poverty and lack of opportunity, waves of Italians emigrated from Naples in the late 19th and early 20th century, with most going to the United States, where they settled in industrial cities. Italy by rail, 1839–1914", "Italians around the World: Teaching Italian Migration from a Transnational Perspective", " - Bisogna Sventrare Napoli! [17] The earliest Greek settlements were established in the Naples area in the first millennium BC. Direct sleeper 'boat train' services operate nightly to cities in Sicily. "Inigo Jones in Naples" in, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 15:07. Brought to the city by the British during the early 20th century,[174] the sport is deeply embedded in local culture: it is popular at every level of society, from the scugnizzi (street children) to wealthy professionals. [50], Eventually, the Republicans conquered Castel Sant'Elmo and proclaimed a Parthenopaean Republic, secured by the French Army. With improvements including stained concrete floors, hardwood floors, a wrought iron wine rack and textured concrete walls, Napoli Villa Italian Restaurant is prepared to serve guests from around the world a one of a kind experience. [127] Services are also available to destinations further afield, such as Sicily, Sardinia, Ponza and the Aeolian Islands. Naples (/ ˈ n eɪ p əl z /; Italian: Napoli (); Neapolitan: Napule [ˈnɑːpələ, ˈnɑːpulə]; Ancient Greek: Νεάπολις, romanized: Neápolis) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest city of Italy, after Rome and Milan, with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of 2017. Naples has an extensive public transport network, including trams, buses and trolleybuses,[133] most of which are operated by the municipally owned company Azienda Napoletana Mobilità (ANM). 19. [46] The city was a major cultural centre during the Baroque era, being home to artists such as Caravaggio, Salvator Rosa and Bernini, philosophers such as Bernardino Telesio, Giordano Bruno, Tommaso Campanella and Giambattista Vico, and writers such as Giambattista Marino. Discours et pratiques alimentaires en Méditerranée (vol. The most prominent forms of architecture visible in present-day Naples are the Medieval, Renaissance and Baroque styles. The Neapolitan popular genre of "Sceneggiata" is an important genre of modern folk theatre worldwide, dramatising common canon themes of thwarted love stories, comedies, tearjerker stories, commonly about honest people becoming camorra outlaws due to unfortunate events. ", "Il Comune - Area statistica - struttura della popolazione e territorio - città - condizione professionale", "Tasso di disoccupazione : Tasso di disoccupazione - livello provinciale", "Euromonitor Internationals Top City Destinations Ranking Euromonitor archive", "Rapporto sullo stato dell'economia della Provincia di Napoli", "The Naples Train Station-Napoli Centrale", "Istituzione di un senso unico pedonale zona Decumani nel periodo natalizio" (in Italian), "Statistics of cruise passenger arrivals", "Naples Public Transportation Statistics", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "The Foods of Sicily – A Culinary Journey", "Proposal of recognition of the Specialita' Traditionale Garantita 'Pizza Napoletana'", "Struffoli – Neapolitan Christmas Treats", La diète méditerranéenne. [9], It served as the capital of the Duchy of Naples (661–1139), then of the Kingdom of Naples (1282–1816), and finally of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861. For administrative purposes, these thirty neighborhoods are grouped together into ten governmental community boards. Naples is one of the main centres of Italian literature. The Japanese series JoJo's Bizarre Adventure's chapter 5, Vento Aureo, takes place in the city. In 1442, Alfonso I conquered Naples after his victory against the last Angevin king, René, and Naples was unified with Sicily again for a brief period. [56][57], Naples was the most-bombed Italian city during World War II. For other uses, see, Top: Panorama view of Mergellina Port, Mergellina, Chiaia area, over view of, Parks, gardens, villas, fountains and stairways. [169][170][171], A list of some well-known films that take place (fully or partially) in Naples include:[172], Naples is home of one of the first Italian colour films, Toto in Color (1952), starring Totò (Antonio de Curtis), a famous comedic actor born in Naples.[173]. [11], Special funding from the Italian government's Fund for the South was provided from 1950 to 1984, helping the Neapolitan economy to improve somewhat, with city landmarks such as the Piazza del Plebiscito being renovated. [167] There are furthermore various forms of music popular in Naples but not well known outside it, such as cantautore ("singer-songwriter") and sceneggiata, which has been described as a musical soap opera; the most well-known exponent of this style is Mario Merola.[168]. Ferdinand was forced to retreat and fled to Palermo, where he was protected by a British fleet. The modern Academy offers courses in painting, decorating, sculpture, design, restoration, and urban planning. [161] Giuliani, who was actually from Apulia but lived and worked in Naples, is widely considered to be one of the greatest guitar players and composers of the 19th century, along with his Catalan contemporary Fernando Sor. : "testa") which in Naples indicates a large terracotta jar used to cultivate shrubs and little trees. San Ferdinando, 11. [6] In the ninth century BC, a colony known as Parthenope or Παρθενόπη was established on the Island of Megaride. De Sanctis was one of the first literary critics to discover, study and diffusing the poems and literary works of the great poet from Recanati. Naples (/ˈneɪpəlz/; Italian: Napoli [ˈnaːpoli] (listen); Neapolitan: Napule [ˈnɑːpələ, ˈnɑːpulə]; Ancient Greek: Νεάπολις, romanized: Neápolis)[a] is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest city of Italy, after Rome and Milan, with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of 2017. The Sceneggiata became very popular amongst the neapolitan people, and then became one of the best known genres of Italian cinema because of actors and singers like Mario Merola and Nino D'Angelo. [153] This linguistic group is spoken throughout most of southern continental Italy, including the Gaeta and Sora district of southern Lazio, the southern part of Marche and Abruzzo, Molise, Basilicata, northern Calabria, and northern and central Apulia. In front of the Royal Palace of Naples stands the Galleria Umberto I, which contains the Coral Jewellery Museum. By the end of the 19th century, party politics had begun to emerge; during the fascist era, each commune was represented by a podestà. Naples was greatly respected by the Romans as a paragon of Hellenistic culture. Bagnoli Landmarks such as the Temple of Dioscures were built, and many emperors chose to holiday in the city, including Claudius and Tiberius. [28][29], The duchy was under the direct control of the Lombards for a brief period, after the capture by Pandulf IV of the Principality of Capua, a long-term rival of Naples; however, this regime lasted only three years before the Greco-Roman-influenced dukes were reinstated. Partenope Rugby are the city's best-known rugby union side: the team has won the rugby union Serie A twice. [73] It had also been the prison for Empress Constance between 1191 and 1192 after her being captured by Sicilians, and Conradin and Giovanna I of Naples before their executions. The 2008 film Gomorrah, based on the book by Roberto Saviano, explores the dark underbelly of the city of Naples through five intertwining stories about the powerful Neapolitan crime syndicate, as well as the TV series of the same name. San Giuseppe The islands of Procida, Capri and Ischia can all be reached from Naples by hydrofoils and ferries. During World War II, these tunnels were used as air-raid shelters, and there are inscriptions in the walls depicting the suffering endured by the refugees of that era. [64] By August 2011, the number of unemployed in the Naples area had risen to 250,000, sparking public protests against the economic situation. The Neapolitan tarantella is a courtship dance performed by couples whose "rhythms, melodies, gestures, and accompanying songs are quite distinct" featuring faster more cheerful music. The last ruling duke of the duchy, Sergius VII, was forced to surrender to Roger II, who had proclaimed himself King of Sicily seven years earlier. A revolution led by the local fisherman Masaniello saw the creation of a brief independent Neapolitan Republic in 1647, though this lasted only a few months before Spanish rule was reasserted. 20. [41] The new dynasty enhanced Naples' commercial standing by establishing relations with the Iberian Peninsula. Please Call for ReservationMust Speak with a Representative. [34] Wars between the competing dynasties continued until the Peace of Caltabellotta in 1302, which saw Frederick III recognised as king of Sicily, while Charles II was recognised as king of Naples by Pope Boniface VIII. Napoli Villa is a good, classic family run Italian restaurant that's become a go-to when I'm in the area. There are large catacombs in and around the city, and other landmarks such as the Piscina Mirabilis, the main cistern serving the Bay of Naples during Roman times. Naples is well known for its sweet dishes, including colourful gelato, which is similar to ice cream, though more fruit-based. Directly across from San Carlo is Galleria Umberto, a shopping centre and social hub. [52], After the Expedition of the Thousand led by Giuseppe Garibaldi, which culminated in the controversial Siege of Gaeta, Naples became part of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861 as part of the Italian unification, ending the era of Bourbon rule. In the 16th century it became the Hall of justice. 14. Les sanctuaires grecs de Paestum ; L’île jardin de Capri ; la côte amalfitaine ; Herculanum, etc, Parcourez Capri, ses sentiers et ses trésors, Herculanum, ensevelie par l’éruption du Vésuve en 79, Autres villages : Furore, Conca dei Marini, Italie du Sud : Campania & Puglia - StayFunny&Create. Napoli, two-time Italian champions who play football at the San Paolo Stadium in the southwest of the city, in the Fuorigrotta quarter. Sorrento and the Amalfi Coast are situated south of the city, while the Roman ruins of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabiae, which were destroyed in the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, are also visible nearby. Naples' 2,800-year history has left it with a wealth of historical buildings and monuments, from medieval castles to classical ruins, and a wide range of culturally and historically significant sites nearby, including the Palace of Caserta and the Roman ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum. [105], Naples is also served by the "Second University" (today named University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli), a modern university which opened in 1989, and which has strong links to the nearby province of Caserta. The continental influence still ensures summer highs averaging near 30 °C (86 °F), and Naples falls within the subtropical climate range with summer daily means above 22 °C (72 °F). Between 1925 and 1936, Naples was expanded and upgraded by Benito Mussolini's government. Other popular local sports include water polo, horse racing, sailing, fencing, boxing, taekwondo and martial arts. Along its history the castle was the residence of many kings and queens. There are also a number of ancient Greco-Roman reservoirs dug out from the soft tufo stone on which, and from which, much of the city is built. [69] In 2013, it was the host of the Universal Forum of Cultures and the host for the 2019 Summer Universiade. His works influenced Francesco de Sanctis who made his studies in Naples, and then eventually became Minister of Instruction during the Italian kingdom. San Carlo all'Arena, 21. [49], During the time of Ferdinand IV, the effects of the French Revolution were felt in Naples: Horatio Nelson, an ally of the Bourbons, even arrived in the city in 1798 to warn against the French republicans. The city is situated on the Gulf of Naples, on the western coast of southern Italy; it rises from sea level to an elevation of 450 metres (1,480 ft). Poet and philosopher Giacomo Leopardi visited the city in 1837 and then died there. Writer and journalist Matilde Serao co-founded the newspaper Il Mattino with her husband Edoardo Scarfoglio in 1892. 24. The family first opened its doors on S. East and McCarty Streets in Indianapolis, and then in 1962, Napoli Villa was relocated to Main Street in Beech Grove, Indiana.